Just had a baby and you are feeling depressed! Well, you are not alone. Atleast 50% of new mothers go through this state mainly driven by fatigue, worry and lack of surety on any and all decisions they make regarding their baby. This state of mind however should go away in a few weeks and starts a few days after the baby has been delivered.
However if the feeling is pronounced you have have postpartum depression (PPD). About 10% of new mothers develop PPD. The following is a list of experiences which could be key symptoms of PPD:
• Grave feeling of sadness, loneliness or hopelessness
• A lot of crying without reason
• Loss of interest in regular activities especially hobbies liked previously
• Inability to fall sleep and lack of sleep night after night
• Appetite changes leading to weight gain or weight loss
• Lack of energy and restlessness
• Inability to concentrate
• Not happy with life and living in some extreme cases
• Constant anger
• Avoiding family & friends
• Loss of interest in the baby
PPD is driven by hormonal changes associated with giving birth and is aggravated through lack of sleep and fatigue in the initial phase post-delivery. PPD is treated like any other depressive state and a new mother must visit her physician if she feels depressed.
Having a supportive ecosystem and sufficient help in managing the baby alone are very helpful along with:
• Sharing your feelings with your partner
• Pampering yourself
• Managing your demands of yourself
• Going outdoors
• Getting sufficient rest and sleep
1. BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guerin): Protection from tuberculosis
2. DPT (Diphtheria, Pertussis, and Tetanus Toxoid): Protection from diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus. Total five doses; primary doses (3) at weeks 6, 10, 14, 1st booster dose at the age of 16 to 24 months, 2nd booster dose between the age of 5 to 6 years
3. OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine): Protection from poliomyelitis. Oral vaccine, five doses; birth dose (for all institutional deliveries), primary doses (3) at weeks 6, 10, 14, a booster dose (1) between 16 to 24 months
4. Hepatitis B: Protection from hepatitis B. Four doses; birth dose (for all institutional deliveries) within 24 hours of birth and three doses at weeks 6, 10, 14
5. Hib (Administered in Combination With DPT+Hep B): Protects from Hib pneumonia and Hib meningitis. 3 doses given at weeks 6, 10, 14
6. Japanese Encephalitis (JE): Protects from Japanese encephalitis (brain fever). Two doses, 1st dose at ages 9 to 12 months, 2nd dose at ages 16 to 24 months.
7. Measles-Lyophilized: Protection from measles. Two doses; 1st dose between the ages of 9 to 12 months, 2nd between the ages of 16 to 24 months
8. TT (Tetanus Toxoid): Protection from tetanus. Two doses, 1st dose at age 10 and 2nd dose at age 16. A pregnant woman too requires TT vaccination. Normally there are two doses of the TT vaccine. But if a woman has received a dose within the last three years, then only one dose is necessary
9. Hepatitis A: Protects from hepatitis A. One dose for children under 13 years, two doses for older children with an interval of 4 to 8 week, the 1st dose given after 15 months of age
10. Varicella: Protects from chickenpox. Two doses at an interval of 6 to 12 months; given after 15 months of age
11. Rota Viral: Protects from acute gastroenteritis. 2 or 3 doses depending on the vaccine brand with an interval of 4 to 8 weeks
12. Pneumococcal Conjugate: Protects from pneumonia, meningitis, bacteremia. Primary doses (3) at week 6, 10, 14, one booster dose between 15 to 18 months.
13. MMR: Protects from mumps, measles, rubella. Two doses, 1st at 12 to 15 months, 2nd at ages 4 to 6 years. But it can be given eight weeks after the first do