Vaccines help develop immunity against one or multiple disease in tandem with the natural defences of your baby own immune system.
Vaccines should always be given on the recommendation of your doctor and it’s critical that expiry dates are always checked for every vaccine given to babies.
1. BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guerin): Protection from tuberculosis
2. DPT (Diphtheria, Pertussis, and Tetanus Toxoid): Protection from diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus. Total five doses; primary doses (3) at weeks 6, 10, 14, 1st booster dose at the age of 16 to 24 months, 2nd booster dose between the age of 5 to 6 years
3. OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine): Protection from poliomyelitis. Oral vaccine, five doses; birth dose (for all institutional deliveries), primary doses (3) at weeks 6, 10, 14, a booster dose (1) between 16 to 24 months
4. Hepatitis B: Protection from hepatitis B. Four doses; birth dose (for all institutional deliveries) within 24 hours of birth and three doses at weeks 6, 10, 14
5. Hib (Administered in Combination With DPT+Hep B): Protects from Hib pneumonia and Hib meningitis. 3 doses given at weeks 6, 10, 14
6. Japanese Encephalitis (JE): Protects from Japanese encephalitis (brain fever). Two doses, 1st dose at ages 9 to 12 months, 2nd dose at ages 16 to 24 months.
7. Measles-Lyophilized: Protection from measles. Two doses; 1st dose between the ages of 9 to 12 months, 2nd between the ages of 16 to 24 months
8. TT (Tetanus Toxoid): Protection from tetanus. Two doses, 1st dose at age 10 and 2nd dose at age 16. A pregnant woman too requires TT vaccination. Normally there are two doses of the TT vaccine. But if a woman has received a dose within the last three years, then only one dose is necessary
9. Hepatitis A: Protects from hepatitis A. One dose for children under 13 years, two doses for older children with an interval of 4 to 8 week, the 1st dose given after 15 months of age
10. Varicella: Protects from chickenpox. Two doses at an interval of 6 to 12 months; given after 15 months of age
11. Rota Viral: Protects from acute gastroenteritis. 2 or 3 doses depending on the vaccine brand with an interval of 4 to 8 weeks
12. Pneumococcal Conjugate: Protects from pneumonia, meningitis, bacteremia. Primary doses (3) at week 6, 10, 14, one booster dose between 15 to 18 months.
13. MMR: Protects from mumps, measles, rubella. Two doses, 1st at 12 to 15 months, 2nd at ages 4 to 6 years. But it can be given eight weeks after the first dose.
Until Next Time,